The David Color“If you want to increase your success rate, double your failure rate,” businessman Thomas J.Watson once said.

James R. McClintock, Baxter Watson, and Horace Hunley certainly had their share of failures as they pioneered the creation of submarines during the Civil War. They teamed up to create two of the earliest submersible subs in the world–The Pioneer and The Pioneer II. But did they increase their success rate through their failures?

Find out in the second of our three-part series on Civil War submarines. Check out this 10-minute documentary about the efforts of these three underwater trailblazers. It’s all part of our “History By the Slice” series of mini-documentaries, available on YouTube.

Infernal Machines: Civil War Submarines, Part 2



History by the Slice